A conviction was quashed where evidence of previous convictions, which had been admitted to show propensity to commit robbery, might have left the jury with the impression that the previous convictions were worse or more serious than they were.
Information that could be included in an enhanced criminal record certificate under the Police Act 1997 s.115(7) was information that was “relevant” and “might be true” and there was no requirement that the information was actually true. The decision whether or not to include such information was for the chief officer of police, and the ultimate decision as to what use to make of the information was for the prospective employer.
Since the judgment of R v Morgan James Smith (2001) 1 Cr App R 31, a particular formula, when summing up in respect of provocation, was not now required. In most cases a summing up was not made defective if the expression “reasonable man” was used.