ABSENCE OF APPELLANT

The Court of Appeal only had jurisdiction over the precincts of the court itself. It did not extend to a security service employed to transport prisoners to the court. If that security service required a prisoner to be handcuffed during his journey to court, and he refused, then, for the purposes of s.22 Criminal Appeal Act 1968, his refusal should be interpreted as an express wish not to be present at his hearing.

[2002] EWCA Crim 1546