Where two defendants were jointly charged with a crime and each blamed the other for its commission, one accused could rely on the more significant criminal propensity of the other in order to prove his innocence.
Evidence of demeanour immediately after the act complained of was probative and was admissible by analogy to the res gestae principle.
A claimant who had had a conviction for murder quashed and who wished to bring a claim for police malpractice could on occasions adduce similar fact evidence of incidents of similar malpractice by the same police officers.
The trial judge had erred in admitting documentary evidence in the form of questionnaires under s.24 Criminal Justice Act 1988 and as a result convictions under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 were unsafe.
Although there had been a breach of the Memorandum of Good Practice, a judge had been right to allow video evidence from an 11-year-old complainant to go before the jury in a trial for indecent assault and rape.