While a judge’s summing-up could have been more clearly expressed, it was not confusing, did not advocate the prosecution case and it did not render the trial unfair. Trial judges were reminded of the guidance and draft directions contained in the Crown Court Compendium. Those directions provided judges with an invaluable resource which, when adapted to the facts of a case, provided an appropriate framework for a legally correct direction.
The court upheld an offender’s convictions for murder and attempted murder following the fatal shooting of a member of a rival gang.
A judge’ directions to the jury as to the meaning of “acts of terrorism” and other terms within the Terrorism Act 2006 s.2 had adequately protected a young offender’s ECHR art.10 rights.
A conviction for kidnap was unsafe where the judge had failed to properly assess the reliability of the hearsay evidence of an absent witnesses.
The court determined that the interpretation in R. (on the application of Collins) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 33 (Admin) of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 s.76(5A) on self-defence in householder cases was correct. The court also gave guidance on summing up in such cases.