The court upheld an offender’s convictions for murder and attempted murder following the fatal shooting of a member of a rival gang.
A judge’ directions to the jury as to the meaning of “acts of terrorism” and other terms within the Terrorism Act 2006 s.2 had adequately protected a young offender’s ECHR art.10 rights.
A conviction for kidnap was unsafe where the judge had failed to properly assess the reliability of the hearsay evidence of an absent witnesses.
The court determined that the interpretation in R. (on the application of Collins) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 33 (Admin) of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 s.76(5A) on self-defence in householder cases was correct. The court also gave guidance on summing up in such cases.
A judge’s intervention and direction to the jury during defence counsel’s closing speech did not affect the safety of a defendant’s conviction. She ought to have put to counsel what she intended to say before she said it, and if she intended to criticise him in front of the jury, she ought to have raised that with him first. Overall, however, the summing-up was thorough and fair.